Everything you need to know, and probably some stuff you don't....
1. What do numbers relating to %s and milligrams (mg) of CBD mean?
These both indicate how strong a CBD product is. For example, a 10ml tincture containing 1000mg of CBD makes it a 10% strength CBD solution.
Being aware of the strength of the CBD product is important to allow you to dose accurately. There are so many products on the market at the moment which say they contain CBD but on closer inspection contain such low amounts of CBD that any effects with be negligible.
2. How much CBD do I take (dosage)?
We think there is a lot of misinformation out there when it comes to how much CBD any individual should take. There is no “one size fits all” as the effect will depend on several things: primarily the concentration of the CBD, the bioavailability of the CBD (See 11. What is the best CBD?) the amount taken and an individual’s weight/mass and metabolism.
Do remember that as a food supplement, the MHRA and the Cannabis Trade Association currently recommends that the the maximum daily amount of CBD should be no more than 200mg CBD per day.
If you have any doubts, please discuss with your doctor before taking any CBD products.
3. How long do CBD products take to work?
Like any other supplement it takes time for CBD to start working. In order to deliver its benefits, CBD first needs to be absorbed into our bloodstream. Once in the bloodstream, it can then be distributed throughout the body's endocannabinoid systems where it can bond with the cannabdinoid receptors in our body (see below - how does CBD work?)
As with “how much CBD do I take?” much depends on an individual’s weight/mass and metabolism, but in general terms CBD taken sublingually (e.g. from a tincture) can take up to 20 minutes to take effect, whilst CBD which is eaten (e.g. from a bar of chocolate) can take up to 30 minutes to take effect.
The following article from Medium gives some more context: https://medium.com/cbd-origin/how-long-does-cbd-take-to-work-69b27684c0ee.
4. I don't feel well after taking CBD products - what should I do?
Please stop taking CBD products and speak with your doctor.
5. What is CBD?
CBD stands for Cannabidiol, one of the naturally occurring cannabinoids (a type of chemical compound) found in hemp.
All CBD we sell has been extracted from hemp with high levels of CBD, a wide spectrum of other cannabinoids and terpenes and very low concentrations of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (below 1mg per item of finished product) to ensure full compliance with UK laws.
6. What is the difference between hemp and marijuana?
Both hemp and marijuana are types of cannabis coming from a plant family called Cannabaceae which also contains the hops flavoring your beer.
Despite belonging to the same plant family hemp and marijuana differ in their chemical composition, specifically their THC content.
Hemp naturally contains around 0.2% THC and 5-8% CBD whilst marijuana contains much more THC – around 10-20% - and much less CBD.
This difference in chemical structure is what makes hemp cultivation and sale legal in most countries, provided the THC content of farmed hemp and hemp retail products is kept below legal limits. In the UK this is 0.2% THC for farmed hemp and 1mg of THC per item for finished products.
7. What is the difference between CBD and THC?
THC is the cannabinoid with the psychoactive effects which make recreational users of marijuana “high”. Unlike marijuana, however, the CBD products found on our website contain very low concentrations of THC – less than 1mg per item - or are completely THC free so using them won’t make you “high” or breach any UK laws.
8. What are terpenes?
Terpenes are the fragrant organic compounds found in hemp, marijuana and several other herb, fruit and plant groups giving them their aromatic diversity.
9. How does CBD work?
a. The endocannabinoid system
Whatever the desired effects of using CBD, its potentially therapeutic benefits would not be possible without our bodies having a biological system capable of interacting and processing cannabinoids such as CBD.
This internal system is called the endocannabinoid system (“ECS”) and is one of the most important physiological systems which maintains the body’s homeostatic system, the process by which body self-regulates its internal environment (regardless of changes to its external environment) in a state of equilibrium to allow for the body’s optimum performance.
The endocannabinoid system is essentially the body’s internal communication and response mechanism allowing it, when functioning correctly, to maintain homeostatic equilibrium. When something brings a cell out of its “just right” zone the endocannabinoid system will respond in order to re-instate equilibrium.
Whilst this doesn’t mean that introducing plant derived cannabinoids (known as phytocannabinoids) into the body will always make things “just right” it does suggest that we can stimulate the endocannabinoid system through introducing external cannabinoids such as CBD into the body and in doing so promote the positive outcomes for the bodily functions which the ECS effects.
b. How does the endocannabinoid system work?
The endocannabinoid system is made up of a large number of cannabinoid receptors spread across the central nervous system (CB1 receptors which are primarily found in the brain and spinal cord) and peripheral nervous system (CB2 which are receptors spread throughout the body). These receptors sit on the surface of cells and transmit information on the body’s changing physiological environment so a cell can initiate the appropriate balancing response to maintain equilibrium within the cell.
Like a lock and key, CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors (locks) receive “information” on the body’s changing physiological environment in the form of endocannabinoids (keys) which are synthetized by the body on demand depending on the bodies physiological conditions at the time.
10. What does CBD do?
a. Everybody is different
Everybody has a unique endocannabinoid system. In particular the distribution and density of CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors in each of us is as unique as a fingerprint which is why experimenting with hemp and cannabis products is such a personal and delicate process and is why people have different experiences of consuming the same product. For example, an increased density of CB2 receptors in the gastrointestinal system of someone with IBS would make them likely to benefit much more from CBD than a similar patient with a much lower density of CB2 receptors in their gastrointestinal system.
b. Effects of CBD
Early research suggests that CBD is considered to have a wide scope of applications which can be widely read about. That said, current UK laws mean that CBD must be classed as a food supplement and 60 Acres cannot and does not make any medical claims about the products it sells. We recommend a quick Google search to find out more!
11. What is the best CBD?
"Best" means different things to different people. But whilst things like taste and expense can vary from person to person, wanting a good quality, effective product is universal. The following are some of the things we think it is important to consider when buying and consuming CBD:
a. Direct from plant
First thing – is the CBD 100% plant derived? Or has it just been formulated synthetically in a lab by a sketchy chemist?
The process of extracting CBD from hemp is a technical chemical process but the products it yields should be completely natural and free of artificial cannabinoids as all the products on our website are.
b. Full Spectrum vs Isolate
A CBD isolate/concentrate is a crystalline power which contains up to 99% pure CBD. This means that all other matter contained in the hemp plant – other cannabinoids, terpenes and waxes – are removed, leaving a finished product which is only contains CBD.
In contrast, full spectrum CBD preserves the “full spectrum” of other 80-100 cannabinoids naturally occurring in the hemp plant together with the other terpenes and waxes which are removed when creating an isolate.
Each form of CBD has its benefits. CBD isolate is cheaper than full spectrum CBD oil and since it contains no other cannabinoids it can also be guaranteed to contain 0% THC. Whilst all of our products contain below 1mg THC, in line with UK law, the 0% THC status of a CBD isolate is useful if you are worried of trace levels of THC being present in your blood stream if you undergo a drugs test.
Full spectrum CBD tends to be more expensive than isolate but in preserving the full range of other cannabinoids found in the hemp plant is thought to encourage the “entourage effect” – the synergistic combination of a multitude of cannabinoids which is thought have maximum effect in stimulating the body’s endocannabinoid system.
For cannabinoids like CBD to have an effect on the body’s endocannabinoid system, they must first be absorbed into the blood stream. This allows them to travel around the body and interact with the body’s cannabinoid receptors. The different ways in which someone takes cannabinoids into their body and the chemical specific chemical properties of the cannabinoids themselves will impact the degree and speed at which those cannabinoids are absorbed into the bloodstream. This is known as how “bioavailable” the CBD is:
- Particle size – the size and surface area of the hemp oil droplet will dictate how easily it can get absorbed through the skin into the blood stream.
- Water Solubility – as you’ll have noticed oil and water don’t mix well. This again hampers the effective absorption of oil-based CBD into our predominately water-based bodies. Water Soluble technology converts regular CBD oil into a substance that is soluble in water and therefore much more quickly and easily absorbed by the body. The conversion process is relatively complex meaning Water Soluble products - such as American Shaman’s Cloud Tincture - are much more expensive per mg of CBD than regular oil – although you’ll need to use much less of them to experience the same (quicker) effects.
- Method of consumption – there’s a huge variety of ways to consume CBD. Vaping is the most effective way of consuming CBD followed by tinctures, patches, edibles and finally topicals.
12. Is CBD legal?
The law regulating Cannabidiol (“CBD”) in the UK is clear but frequently misunderstood.
The short answer is that CBD is legal to buy and consume in the UK but only to the extent that products which contain CBD contain less than 1 milligram per packet of THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid found in hemp and cannabis generally.
The misconception is that CBD products – oils, creams, edibles etc - can be freely sold provided they contain less than that 0.2% THC. This is actually incorrect: the 0.2% figure originates from European and British legislation relating to the farming of industrial hemp – i.e. the raw material from which CBD oil is extracted – as opposed to finished retail CBD products. Although frequently quoted and followed by a large number of UK based, CBD retailers following the 0.2% rule can mean their products are not legal under English law.
Legal CBD products in the UK must contain no more than 1 milligram of THC per packet. Crucially this is not a per dose limitation (e.g. a pipette, pill, square of chocolate) but rather a per pack limitation. In other words, a whole bottle of CBD oil, a packet of CBD softgels or a whole bar of CBD chocolate may not contain more than 1mg of THC.
The UK Home office has published a CBD factsheet setting out this distinction: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/757786/factsheet-cannabis-cbd-and-cannabinoids-v1-3-2018.pdf.
In legal terms the basis for this distinction can be found in Misuse of Drugs Acts Regulations 2001 (“MDAR 2001”) which sets out the controlled substances which are banned in the UK, including THC, but also in what circumstances such substances are exempt from legal control. Specifically, section 2(1)(c) MDAR 2001 states that controlled substances such as THC are “exempt” to the extent that “no one component park of the product or preparation contains more than one milligram of the controlled drug”.
All our products either contain 0% THC or under 1mg THC per packet meaning they are 100% UK legally compliant.
13. Will CBD products get me high?
No, all our product contain very low concentrations of THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid associated with getting you high.
14. Should I take CBD products if I am pregnant, taking medication, have a pre-existing medical condition or allergy?
No, please consult with your doctor before taking any CBD products.
Please remember that other than our vaping and topical products CBD is a food supplement. In all cases CBD is not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any disease. You should always check with your doctor before starting a new dietary supplement program. We cannot and we do not make any claims whatsoever about the products on our website.
Statements on this website have not been evaluated by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MRHA) or similar bodies.